Yemen Profile and History


The Republic of Yemen is generally called as Yemen is a nation that is situated in the Middle East, extending from the Arabian Peninsula’s south western portion to its southern end. The country is bordered on the north by Saudi Arabia, Red sea in the west and in the east by Oman.

Yemen corers a land area of 555,000 square kilometers and it has a population of about 24 million people. The capital city is Sana’a and it is the biggest city in the country. The territory of Yemen covers nearly 200 islands, with the biggest one being Socotra. It lies 415 km to the South of the Yemen mainland. Yemen is the only nation in the Arabian Peninsula to have a completely republican type of government.

One etymology gets Yemen from yamin (“the right side”) because the south is on the right, whilst facing the sunrise, but this etymology is regarded doubtful. One more obtains Yemen from yumn implying “felicity”, because the region is lush. Yean is also called it as “Arabia Felix” (Happy Arabia “) by the Romans.

Capital: Sana’a

Language: Yemeni Arabic

Currency: Yemeni Rial

Religion: 53%Sunni Muslims, 45% Shia Muslims, 2% Non Muslims (comprising of Hinduism, Christianity and Judaism).

Time: (UTC+3)


Yemen has long survived at the culture’s crossroads; it is joined by some of the aged civilization centers in the near East by desirable quality of its position in Saudi Arabia. In between the time period of the twelfth century BC and the sixth century, Yemen was a division of the Minaean, Hadhramaut, Sabaean, Ausan, Qataban, and Himyarite kingdoms, which controls the profitable spice trade and it afterward was later brought under the rule of Ethiopia and Persia. In the sixth century the Himyarite emperor Abu-Karib Assad got converted to the Judaism religion. The Islamic Caliphs began to exercise influence over Yemen during the seventh century. Subsequent to this the Caliphate got busted up. A number of dynasties took part of or the whole of Saudi Arabia. The prophet Mohammed’s Imam descendants called as the Sayyids ruled Yemen sporadically for a period of 980 years, thereby instituting the hypothetical political structure that thrived and enclosed its summit the entire region south to the Mecca to dhoffar and the salalah and all the way to red sea’s Aden and the African coast, Aden gulf, and portions of the Indian Ocean next to the Peninsula of Arabia and powerfully controlling and for a while having control over the Hejaz sharifs. It endured until the contemporary era.

Yemen’s modem of history commenced in the year 1918, when it got independence from the Ottoman Empire. In between the year 1918 and 1962, Yemen was a kingdom that was ruled by the family of Hamidaddin. In the year 1948, a short revolution tool place in which the Imam Yahiya was murdered. The Alwazirs, the opponent family sized control for a number of weeks. However supported by the Saudi Arabia’s Al Saud family, the Hamidaidnas regained control .Subsequent to the North Yemen Civil war, North Yemen and South Yemen emerged as republics in the year 1962 and 1967 respectively. The two countries were finally united to become the republic of Yemen on May 22 1990.

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